A tourniquet is used to control bleeding, especially during amputations. It is a device that is still in use today. This example was used on the thigh and is made from bronze. Many of the straps have engraved patterns and originally the bronze would have been coated with leather to make the patient as comfortable as possible.
The tourniquet came from the private collection of Dr. Noel Hamonic and and was sold by Hamonic’s sons to Henry Wellcome.
One of the 4000-year-old well-preserved wagons unearthed in the Lchashen village in the vicinity of Lake Sevan. Made of oak, they are the oldest known wagons in the world. Now on display at the History Museum of Armenia.
Ether-soaked sponges were placed in the glass jar. The patient inhaled ether through the face mask, attached via rubber tubbing. The outlet valve has a glass tube attached so more ether can be put on the sponges as needed.
Clinical signs of bladder stones may include: straining to urinate, passage of blood-tinged urine, frequent urination, and having urinary accidents in the house. If a stone has passed into the urethra the pet may not be able to produce any urine or only pass small dribbles of urine. This sign should not be ignored as your pet could die from urinary obstruction.
What Causes Bladder Stones?
Nutritionally imbalanced diet
Decreased water intake
Urinary tract infection
High concentration of magnesium, ammonium and phosphate minerals in the urine
Urine pH favorable to the formation of various crystals
Certain drugs and dietary supplements
Congenital liver shunt
How Can Bladder Stones Be Treated?
Your veterinarian will want to figure out what kinds of stones have formed in your cat’s bladder in order to determine the proper treatment. Surgical removal, which is also a form of treatment, is sometimes necessary in order for a laboratory analysis to be performed. Your vet may decide on one or more of the following treatments:
Vet-prescribed diet (to dissolve stones and modify pH)
Increased water consumption
Flushing procedure (filling bladder and inducing urination)
Surgical removal of stones
Sometimes cats-more likely females, whose urinary tracts are not as narrow as the male’s-will naturally pass the smaller stones when urinating.
Poor Child Nurse – Baby can’t sleep? Try this 19th-century concoction containing alcohol & opium. The use of opium was often called “Poor Child’s Nurse,” due to its ability to stop hungry babies from crying. Read more here: The Poor Child’s Nurse
Utica Crib – An adult-size restraint bed used in a New York insane asylum.
These “Utica cribs” were long, narrow, and from 15 to 30 inches high, with slats for the sides, the top and sometimes the bottom. The person restrained could neither sit up nor get out.
Even after chaining was deemed inhumane for psychiatric patients, restraints and other devices were used to protect patients from harming others – or themselves. Today, few photographs exist of restraining tools – but this photo “Utica Crib” survived.
This crib is made out of intricately carved wood – many were made out of iron – and patients would sleep in it for extended periods of time until a regulatory crackdown curtailed restraint use for all but the most uncooperative and violent patients – a practice that’s still scrutinized.
The chainsaw like blade of this unusual skull saw is moved by turning the handle in a clockwise or anticlockwise direction and is designed to saw through sections of the skull. Skull saws were used to remove fragments of bone in order to provide access for other instruments. They were commonly used in the 19th century, although some surgeons preferred to use chisels or gouging forceps.
I have been silent about the events that took place in the American Capitol Building on January 6, 2021 but I can be silent no more.
Let me be perfectly clear: the deadly event that took place on January 6 was not a peaceful protest that escalated.
Peaceful protestors don’t bring zip tie hand cuffs, metal pipes, baseball bats, and pipe bombs with them.
Peaceful protestors don’t erect make shift gallows and then scream to hang the vice president.
Peaceful protestors don’t bring maps of the capital building with them.
Peaceful protestors don’t have clothing made that says “MAGA Civil War January 6, 2021.
Peaceful protestors don’t beat a police officer with an American flag and then parade around the capitol building with a confederate flag – a symbol of racism & hate.
Peaceful protestors don’t urinate and defecate inside what the US calls ‘the people’s house.’
This was not a protest. This was a violent, planned attempted coup by a dictator wannabe. There was at least one member of the USCP that put on MAGA hat so he would be identified as one of Trump’s supporters, others that were on video opening the gates, posing for selfies with the insurrectionists, others guiding the mob around the Capitol Building. Still others showed their work ID’s to gain entry to the Capitol Building as part of the mob.
In the days after, several members of the GOP, and right-wing media that promoted conspiracy theories, whined that their freedom of speech was taken away when several social media companies took down not only Trump’s account but some of theirs too. They complained they lost followers on social media. This was nothing more than a blatant attempt to take the focus away from the the seriousness of the riot. Not one denounced the violence. Not one acknowledged the death of an officer. Hate speech, violent rhetoric, talk of assignations and murders! Of course private companies have the right to say this kind of talk will not be allowed. Period.
I have always believed that the men in Hitler’s inner circle could have stopped him at any time. They chose instead to follow a mad man. At anytime, any member of the GOP could have put a stop to Trump. They chose to follow a madman. They could have spoken up against the lies and the conspiracies but their own selfish political ambitions were more important than their oath to office.
After the events that day I expected no objections to the electoral college votes. How could they object when it was so obvious to the world that this was an attempted coup incited by the outgoing president. I was SHOCKED that 126 GOP still objected. If any of those 126 GOP that voted against the electoral college were involved in this attempted coup, they must be prosecuted. I suspect some of them were involved and knew what was going to take place. I suspect some may have been offered positions in whatever new government Trump ushered in had the coup been successful. The truth will eventually come out. The past has shown people will squeal to save themselves.
There are rumors now that more violence in the days leading up to Biden’s inauguration. This is frightening. Almost half of US citizen’s are Trump supporters. It is only logical to say that almost half of the military, and other law enforcement agencies, are also Trump supporters. There were many current and ex-military, current and ex-police, that took part in this attempted coup last week. This is a potentially seriously dangerous situation brewing. 4000 National Guard are being sent to Washington. That means, potentially 2000 of them are Trump insurgents. Do you understand???
As a Canadian I am not only saddened that the USA has spiraled down into a cesspool of hate, I am outraged that so many went along with him. People voted for him knowing full well that this man was a racist misogynist, corrupt bully. I call BS on those who say ‘I voted for him because I like his policies, not the man.’ The world sees Trump voters as Trump supporters. They had a choice and they chose to vote/support a lunatic and they are all painted with the same brush.
Trump refuses to admit he is at least partly responsible for the assault of the Capitol. This is a man, who even before the election took place, stated that if he lost it meant the election was rigged. Then when the election was over and he lost, he cries voter fraud. When no fraud is found, he cajoles officials to find him votes. When that fails he throws his own VP to his MAGA mob and incites an insurrection. This man blames anyone and everyone but himself.
This first aid kit (c.1900) contains a number of ampoules filled with liquid. Each coloured glass corresponds to a different liquid so they were easy to identify in an emergency. The blue glass contains caffeine, which was believed to relieve pain. The white glass contains ether, a popular anesthetic. ‘Ergotine’ in the yellow ampoule was used to control heavy bleeding. The camphorated oil was used to help soothe bruises, aches and pains. All the liquids were to be given by injection.
Unfortunately, the syringe is missing, along with the purple ampoule of cocaine used as a local anesthetic.